Dark skin can be particularly vulnerable to uneven skin tone, for a variety of reasons:
1. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – usually caused by some kind of skin injury, such as cuts and grazes. Damage can also be caused by the formation of scarring as a result of acne. In black skins, this damage can leave traces even once the healing process has occurred, in the form of darker patches of skin.
2. Increased hormonal production can also cause patchy or abnormal skin tone, and can be a problem during pregnancy for this reason.
3. Overexposure to the sun. The increased pigmentation is essentially a sign from our body that the skin has been damaged, and the sun is a major culprit where skin damage is concerned. Tanning is the first sign that the body is trying to protect itself from the harmful rays, and sometimes too much pigmentation is produced and does not fade away with the tan.
Laser treatment for black skin can significantly improve the appearance of the skin if it suffers from hyperpigmentation, although the best results are obtained when a combination of treatments are used.
Advanced Intense Pulsed Light can reduce or remove the excess pigmentation, while microdermabrasion removes the afflicted superficial layers of skin. Laser treatment can then help to stimulate the regrowth of new healthy skin with a clear, even tone.