Pigmented spots don’t always cause problems: many people like their freckles, for example, and find that they add character. Pigmentation can cause problems, however. An excess of melanin in the skin at birth can result in birthmarks that can be noticeable and problematic. Excessive exposure of the skin to sunlight can also cause pigmented spots such as age spots to appear, which can have an ageing effect on the appearance.

Luckily, whatever the cause of the pigmented spots such as café au lait birthmarks and liver spots, they can be successfully treated and removed. Pigmentation treatment can involve using various technologies:

• IPL uses light energy to target the pigmentation in the skin. When the light is applied to the skin, it is transformed into heat energy, causing the lesion to heat up. The pigments are broken down into fragments that are small enough for the body to remove from the site and the marks fade away.

• Microdermabrasion and laser therapy removes the affected superficial layers of skin gently and uniformly. The laser stimulates the production of smooth, clear skin, promoting a radiant and youthful complexion.